The genus Strobilanthes, having over 300 species within South / South-east Asia, has speciated and diversified in the hill ranges of Western Ghats. This genus has over half of world’s species in India. The hill ranges of peninsular India have 59 species. There are altogether 43 species of Strobilanthes known from the state of Kerala. Of these, 38 are endemic to Peninsular India. The most popular character of Strobilanthes is its monocarpic nature and they flower after a long period of vegetative growth ranging from 1-15 years and some rare species produce flowers even after 35 years.Famous among this genus is Strobilanthes kunthianus.